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Achtergronddocumenten

In de onderstaande tabel wordt een overzicht gegevens van alle informatie die beschikbaar is over de garnalenvisserij. De gegevens zijn geordend volgens de zogenaamde Fisheries Assessment Methodology (FAM). Omdat dit belangrijke informatie geeft voor de certificeerder is de tabel in het Engels.

Literature sorted by performance indicator
Principle 1
PI'sNameDescriptionLiterature
1.1Outcome* Background document 1.1.2
* Background document 1.1.3
* Background document 1.2.4
* Background document Harvest Control Rule

* Doeksen (2006)
* Hufnagl et al (2010)
* ICES WGCRAN Report 2011
* ICES WGCRAN Report 2010
* ICES WGCRAN Report 2009
* IMARES Report Stock assessment in brown shrimp Part 1 (2010)
* IMARES Report Stock assessment in brown shrimp Part 2 (2010)
* Neudecker (2011)
* Neudecker, Cornus and Damm (2007)
* Data Neudecker, Cornus and Damm (2007) [ask for document by e-mail]
* Neudecker and Muller (2011)
* Oh, Hartnoll and Nash (1999)
* Poseidon (2010)
* Welleman and Daan (2001)

* LPUE Overview
1.1.1Stock statusThe stock is at a level which maintains high productivity and has a low probability of recruitment overfishing
1.1.2Reference pointsLimit and target reference points are appropriate for the stock.
1.1.3Stock rebuildingWhere the stock is depleted, there is evidence of stock rebuilding.
1.2Harvest Strategy
1.2.1Harvest strategyThere is a robust and precautionary harvest strategy in place
1.2.2Harvest control rules and toolsThere are well defined and effective harvest control rules in place
1.2.3Information/monitoringRelevant information is collected to support the harvest strategy.
1.2.4Assessment of stock statusThere is an adequate assessment of the stock status.
Principle 2
PI'sNameDescriptionLiterature
2.1Retained species
2.1.1Outcome statusThe fishery does not pose a risk of serious or irreversible harm to the retained species and does not hinder recovery of depleted retained species. * Revill et al (1999)
* Neudecker and Damm (2010)
2.1.2Management strategyThere is a strategy in place for managing retained species that is designed to ensure the fishery does not pose a risk of serious or irreversible harm to retained species.
2.1.3Information/monitoringInformation on the nature and extent of retained species is adequate to determine the risk posed by the fishery and the effectiveness of the strategy to manage retained species.
2.2Bycatch species
2.2.1Outcome statusThe fishery does not pose a risk of serious or irreversible harm to the bycatch species or species groups and does not hinder recovery of depleted bycatch species or species groups. * Background document 2.2

* Commission Regulation 1639/2001
* Council Regulation No 850-98

* Criteria shrimp grading devices
* Sievages percentages
* Research plan Natura2000 [in Dutch]
* Powerpoint presentation IMARES Research Natura2000

* Doeksen (2006)
* Jak and Tamis (2011)
* van Marlen et al (2001)
* Neudecker and Damm (2010)
* Neudecker and Muller (2011)
* Polet (2003)
* Quirijns (2008)
* Steenbergen (2011)
* Tulp, Leijzer and van Helmond (2010)
2.2.2Management strategyThere is a strategy in place for managing bycatch that is designed to ensure the fishery does not pose a risk of serious or irreversible harm to bycatch populations.
2.2.3Information/monitoringInformation on the nature and amount of bycatch is adequate to determine the risk posed by the fishery and the effectiveness of the strategy to manage bycatch.
2.3ETP-species
2.3.1Outcome statusThe fishery meets national and international requirements for protection of ETP species.
The fishery does not pose a risk of serious or irreversible harm to ETP species and does not hinder recovery of
recovery of ETP species.
* Background document 2.3

* Council Directive 92/43/EEC
* EC. No. 338/97
* Flora and Fauna Act
* OSPAR List
* Red List
* Dutch Fisheries Act [in Dutch]

* Doeksen (2006)
* Jak and Tamis (2011)
* van Marlen et al (2001)
* Polet (2003)
* Quirijns (2008)
* Revill et al (1999)
* Steenbergen (2011)
* Tulp, Leijzer and van Helmond (2010)
2.3.2Management strategyThe fishery has in place precautionary management strategies designed to:
- meet national and international requirements;
- ensure the fishery does not pose a risk of serious or irreversible harm to ETP species;
- ensure the fishery does not hinder recovery of ETP species; and
- minimise mortality of ETP species.
2.3.3Information/monitoringRelevant information is collected to support the management of fishery impacts on ETP species, including:
- information for the development of the management strategy;
- information to assess the effectiveness of the management strategy; and
- information to determine the outcome status of ETP species.
2.4Habitats
2.4.1Outcome statusThe fishery does not cause serious or irreversible harm to habitat structure, considered on a regional or bioregional basis, and function. * Research plan Natura2000 [in Dutch]
* Powerpoint presentation IMARES Research Natura2000
2.4.2Management strategyThere is a strategy in place that is designed to ensure the fishery does not pose a risk of serious or irreversible harm to habitat types.
2.4.3Information/monitoringInformation is adequate to determine the risk posed to habitat types by the fishery and the effectiveness of the strategy to manage impacts on habitat types.
2.5Ecosystem
2.5.1Outcome statusThe fishery does not cause serious or irreversible harm to the key elements of ecosystem structure and function. * Research plan Natura2000 [in Dutch]
* Powerpoint presentation IMARES Research Natura2000
* Vorberg (2010)
2.5.2Management strategyThere are measures in place to ensure the fishery does not pose a risk of serious or irreversible harm to ecosystem structure and function.
2.5.3Information/monitoringThere is adequate knowledge of the impacts of the fishery on the ecosystem.
Principle 3
PI'sNameDescriptionLiterature
3.1Governance and Policy
3.1.1Legal and/or customary frameworkThe management system exists within an appropriate and effective legal and/or customary framework which ensures that it:
- Is capable of delivering sustainable fisheries in accordance with MSC Principles 1 and 2;
- Observes the legal rights created explicitly or established by custom of people dependent on fishing for food or livelihood; and
- Incorporates an appropriate dispute resolution framework.
* Penalty Regulation Management Plan
* Agreement closed areas and research in Natura-2000 areas [in Dutch]
* Agreement brown shrimp fishery underlying the Natura-2000 agreement [in Dutch]
* Dutch Fisheries Act [in Dutch]
* Regulation Nature Protection 1998 [in Dutch]
3.1.2Consultation, roles and responsibilitiesThe management system has effective consultation processes that are open to interested and affected parties.
The roles and responsibilities of organisations and individuals who are involved in the management process are clear and understood by all relevant parties.
* www.garnalenvisserij.com
* Announcement consultation NGO's
* Criteria shrimp grading devices open for commenting by focus group
* Roles and responsibilities organisations and individuals
3.1.3Long term objectivesThe management policy has clear long-term objectives to guide decision-making that are consistent with MSC Principles and Criteria, and incorporates the precautionary approach.
3.1.4Incentives for sustainable fishingThe management system provides economic and social incentives for sustainable fishing and does not operate with subsidies that contribute to unsustainable fishing.
3.2Fishery-specific management system
3.2.1Fishery-specific objectivesThe fishery has clear, specific objectives designed to achieve the outcomes expressed by MSC‘s Principles 1 and 2. * Management plan - version Feb. 2011
3.2.2Decision-making processesThe fishery-specific management system includes effective decision-making processes that result in measures and strategies to achieve the objectives. * Decision-making process of the CVO - penalties
* Penalty Regulation - version Feb. 2011
3.2.3Compliance and enforcement Monitoring, control and surveillance mechanisms ensure the fisheries management measures are enforced and complied with. * LPUE overview
* Inspection reports CUC
* Sievage reports
3.2.4Research plan The fishery has a research plan that addresses the information needs of management. * Research plan Natura2000 [in Dutch]
* Powerpoint presentation IMARES Research Natura2000
* ICES WGCRAN Report 2011
* ICES WGCRAN Report 2010
* ICES WGCRAN Report 2009
3.2.5Monitoring and management performance evaluation There is a system for monitoring and evaluating the performance of the fishery-specific management system against its objectives.
There is effective and timely review of the fishery-specific management system.
* Background document 3.2.5
* Management plan - version March 2010
* Management plan - version March 2009 [in Dutch]

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